mackerel-agent specifications

This article is an explanation of the latest version of mackerel-agent.

Usage

mackerel-agent [-conf <config-file>] [options]

Summary

Running in the foreground, mackerel-agent

  • registers hosts information with Mackerel,
  • gathers resource information and posts it to Mackerel (once every minute),
  • updates hosts’ information (once every hour)

You can check your hosts’ and resources’ posted data on Mackerel’s web interface.

Configuration file

The configuration file is located here /etc/mackerel-agent/mackerel-agent.conf by default. Description examples follow below.

apikey = "APIKEY"
pidfile = "/path/to/pidfile"
root = "/var/lib/mackerel-agent"

cloud_platform = "ec2"

verbose = false
silent = false

display_name = "My Host"

roles = [ "My-Service:app", "Another-Service:db" ]

http_proxy = "http://localhost:8080"

diagnostic = true

include = "/etc/mackerel-agent/conf.d/*.conf"

[host_status]
on_start = "working"
on_stop  = "poweroff"

[filesystems]
ignore = "/dev/ram.*"
use_mountpoint = true

[plugin.metrics.vmstat]
command = "ruby /etc/sensu/plugins/system/vmstat-metrics.rb"

[plugin.metrics.mysql]
command = "ruby /path/to/your/plugin/mysql.rb"
env = { MYSQL_USERNAME = "USERNAME", MYSQL_PASSWORD = "PASSWORD" }

[plugin.checks.heartbeat]
command = "heartbeat.sh"
env = { "ES_HOSTS" = "10.45.3.2:9220,10.45.3.1:9230" }
action = { command = "cardiac_massage", user = "doctor", env = { SAMPLE_KEY_1 = "VALUE_1", SAMPLE_KEY_2 = "VALUE_2" } }

[plugin.checks.ssh]
command = "ruby /path/to/check-ssh.rb"

[plugin.metadata.packages]
command = "perl /path/to/packages.pl"

About the configuration file format

The configuration file is in TOML format. Therefore, the general description method, other than this page, will follow TOML format.

About file encoding

If multibyte characters are included in the configuration, file encoding must be UTF-8.

Points to note when editing the configuration file

The configuration file will be read when the agent starts up. Therefore, you'll have to restart the agent after changes are made to this file in order for them to be applied.

About configuration items

All options other than apikey are optional. Therefore, if the default settings are fine as is, it’s okay to leave values empty.

apikey

This specifies the API key that is used by the agent to communicate with the Mackerel service. A new API key can be issued or an existing API can be revoked from the [API Key Settings Tab] (https://mackerel.io/my?tab=apikeys).

pidfile

Specifies the location to output the mackerel-agent pdfile. If not specified, it is output under /var/run.

root

Specifies the root directory of mackerel-agent. The file containing the host ID that is used for uniquely identifying the host in Mackerel is output in/to this directory.

cloud_platform

When running mackerel-agent on AWS EC2, Azure VM, or GCP, it automatically detects the IaaS environment. When one of these IaaS environments is identified, mackerel-agent collects the IaaS metadata and applies the necessary identifier (custom_identifier) to the host for integration with AWS integration or Azure integration.

Normally, this detection is done automatically, but you can specify the platform explicitly with the cloud_platform option in the configuration file. There are five valid values: "auto"(default) "ec2" "gce" "azurevm" "none".

If you want to launch multiple mackerel-agents on one IaaS instance and for them be recognized as separate hosts, when using Docker container etc. for example, this option must be set to "none" in all of the configuration files except for the mackerel-agent running on the instance.

verbose

By setting verbose = true, the DEBUG log output can be enabled.

silent

By setting silent = true, log output under WARN level can be suppressed.

display_name

An optional name can be set for a host by assigning a name within the configuration file. If a display name has already been assigned, the host will be updated to the new display name.

Even if the host name specification has been deleted from the configuration file, the display name will remain as it was configured. Display names can be deleted from the host's settings page (the gear icon to the right of the host name in each host details screen).

roles

The host's service and role can be configured. If the service or role specified in the configuration file does not exist when the agent launches, it will be newly created. Also, changes made from the web screen will not be synchronized with the agent's configuration file.

Example: Linking the “app” role of “My-Service” as well as the “db” role of “Another-Service”

# /etc/mackerel-agent/mackerel-agent.conf
roles = [ "My-Service:app", "Another-Service:db" ]

proxy

By specifying this option, you can set an HTTP Proxy for the agent to use for communication. Using this option, it is possible to monitor the server via a proxy server even in a network environment where the monitored server can not directly communicate through the internet.

Example: When a proxy server that you want to go through is provided with localhost:8080

# /etc/mackerel-agent/mackerel-agent.conf
http_proxy = "http://localhost:8080"

The environment variable HTTP_PROXY is also supported. For example, you can gain access via an HTTP Proxy by specifying the following.

% HTTP_PROXY=http://localhost:8080 mackerel-agent

By appending an environment variable to the file /etc/sysconfig/mackerel-agent for yum/rpm packages and /etc/default/mackerel-agent for apt/deb packages, it’s possible to apply this to the mackerel-agent. For example, you can specify the following.

HTTP_PROXY="http://localhost:8080/"

diagnostic

By specifying this option, the agent’s memory usage is collected and posted as a custom metric (Diagnostic mode. Default is false).

This can also be specified as an agent startup option.

mackerel-agent -diagnostic

The following metrics can be collected with diagnostic mode enabled.

  • custom.agent.memory.alloc
  • custom.agent.memory.sys
  • custom.agent.memory.heapAlloc
  • custom.agent.memory.heapSys

For more information please refer to https://golang.org/pkg/runtime/#MemStats.

include

It is possible to describe mackerel-agent configuration items in another configuration file and have them be read by specifying the include option.

  • fileglobs can be specified as /etc/mackerel-agent/conf.d/*.conf
  • As for strings, boolean values, and array settings (verbose orroles), if these values are present in a configuration file that's read later, they will be overwritten.
  • When multiple configuration files match, the order in which they are read is undefined.
  • The config item include in read configuration files is ignored.

host_status

A host's status can be set upon startup of the agent. You can assign different statuses for when the agent starts up and for when it shuts down.

A host's status will be set to working when the agent boots up, and to poweroff when the agent successfully shuts down.

# /etc/mackerel-agent/mackerel-agent.conf
[host_status]
on_start = "working"
on_stop  = "poweroff"

Possible statuses are working , standby , maintenance , and poweroff. For more details regarding notifications and monitoring of the host status, refer to [Setting up monitoring and alerts] (https://mackerel.io/docs/entry/howto/alerts#host-statuses).

filesystems

ignore

Metric collection can be excluded from specific file systems.

By designating a regular expression like shown below, metrics from the designated file system will no longer be collected.

# /etc/mackerel-agent/mackerel-agent.conf
[filesystems]
ignore = "/dev/ram.*"
use_mountpoint

You can obtain filesystem metrics for each mount point by specifying the following in the configuration file.

# /etc/mackerel-agent/mackerel-agent.conf
[filesystems]
use_mountpoint = true

[plugin.metrics.{name}]

In the section plugin.metrics. {name}, you can write configurations to retrieve and post arbitrary metrics.

The agent executes the command specified by the command character string, receives the result as a standard output file, and posts it to the Mackerel service. Because of this structure, the use of other optional user scripts and plugins is possible. For more details, refer to Posting user-defined custom metrics.

[plugin.checks.{name}]

In the section plugin.checks. {name}, you can write configurations to execute arbitrary check monitor processing and post the results. "Check monitor processing" is a type of monitoring that let's you know whether or not a specific process is running or if there's a problematic output in the target log file. The results posted with this configuration will not be graphed.

Because of this structure, the use of other optional user scripts and plugins is possible. For more details, refer to Adding monitors for script checks.

[plugin.metadata.{name}]

In the section plugin.metadata. {name}, you can write configurations to execute arbitrary processing and register the results in metadata. For more details, refer to Using metadata.

Startup options

The following startup options can be specified. If the same items are specified in the configuration file, the startup option items will take precedence.

  • -apikey=API_KEY This is the API key that a host is identified by on the web. This key is how Mackerel knows which organization a host belongs to. (This is not recommended. We recommend that you include this in the configuration file from version 0.5.1.)
  • -conf=/etc/mackerel-agent/mackerel-agent.conf This is the settings file path. If you haven’t specified this yet,/etc/mackerel-agent/mackerel-agent.confwill be read by default.
  • -pidfile=/var/run/mackerel-agent.pid This is the PID file path.
  • -root=/var/lib/mackerel-agent This is the path of the directory where the status of the mackerel-agent is recorded. Currently only the ID file that identifies the host will be placed here.
  • -role=<service>:<role> This designates the roles and services a role is assigned to.
  • -once this will execute metric collection and display standard output just one time. Metrics will not be posted.
  • -diagnostic metrics for the agent itself will be collected and posted.

FAQ

How does the agent distinguish between different hosts?

The agent tells one host from another by looking at the host ID which is stored in /var/lib/mackerel-agent/id. A host’s name cannot be used to distinguish it. (If the settings file is changing the root with the boot options, an ID file will be created under that root.)

The agent won’t launch.

If there is an incorrect ID stored in /var/lib/mackerel-agent/id the agent will not launch properly. Delete /var/lib/mackerel-agent/id and try launching again. (This will recognize it as a new host.) (If the settings file is changing the root with the boot options, an ID file will be created under that root.)

Can multibyte characters be used?

Yes, they can be used. However, please note that the conf file character code (encoding) must be UTF - 8.

Sub Commands

mackerel-agent has several commands that can be used.

retire

mackerel-agent retire [-conf <config-file>] [-force] [options]

This command will retire the host. When executed a confirmation prompt will be displayed. Attaching the -force option will bypass the confirmation prompt and retire the host.

configtest

mackerel-agent configtest

Check the syntax of the configuration file (mackerel-agent.conf).

Settings file for init script

By appending environment variable settings to, for yum/rpm packages /etc/sysconfig/mackerel-agent, for apt/deb packages /etc/default/mackerel-agent, it’s possible to have them applied to the mackerel-agent. The following variables can be configured.

OTHER_OPTS

This will assign the option you want to add in the mackerel-agent. For example, by making an assignment like OTHER_OPTS=”diagnostic-verbose”, diagnostics mode will be activated and the DEBUG log will be outputted.

AUTO_RETIREMENT

By assigning a character string other than 0 to this variable, the host will be automatically retired upon OS shutdown (or more specifically /etc/init.d/mackerel-agent stop).

Caution Even if you have manually typed /etc/init.d/mackerel-agent stop, if the above assignment has already been made, the host will be retired. If you want to, say, update the agent to the latest version or start/stop the agent, please use /etc/init.d/mackerel-agent reload.

Windows system environment variable

MACKEREL_AUTO_RETIREMENT

If a non-zero character string is specified in the system environment variable of Windows, the host is automatically retired upon OS shutdown. Retirement processing is not executed when the service is stopped.